弁財天

ゴフマン「専門家を信じるのではなく、自分自身で考えて判断せよ」

フクイチの汚染水が太平洋を漂い、海洋生物の大量突然死現象である「ブロブ」になる。エルニーニョ現象を凌ぐ破壊力 update8

【ブロブ】隅田川に3千匹の魚の死骸が浮かぶ。水中の酸素の量が水深1mのところでほとんど観測されなかった

隅田川で魚3000匹が大量死したとき、東京都が調査すると、有害物質は検出されなかったが、水中の酸素の量が水深1mのところでほとんど観測されなかった…。

原発は温暖化対策にならない。原発が垂れ流すトリチウム水が海を破壊し、酸性化(炭酸化)させ、CO2を大量に発生させて結果的に温暖化を起こしている。

どうやら死の西海岸、惑星全体で魚が同時に大量死 する原因が判明したようだ。

「太平洋にエルニーニョを超える巨大ブロブが出現。」

温暖化海水の巨大「ブロブ」が海洋エコシステムへ及ぼす影響はエルニーニョ以上であることが 研究から判明する。

「ブロブ」と知られている死亡現象として以前から信じられていたものは、 推定で直径1000マイル水深300フィートでカリフォルニアの海岸沖に住んでいる。

「ブロブ」は2013年に最初発見された。海水の塊は周辺の海水より約1℃から4℃温かい。 干ばつを含む悪天候が海の生態系に影響し、太平洋で有毒藻類の繁殖するのが原因だと信じられてきた。

当初エルニーニョの到来とともに消滅すると考えていた科学者が今では、 消える代わりに深海に潜り、海面から500から650フィート下に現在漂っていると信じている。

「ブロブの残留効果が残っている。」 カナダ水産海洋省のイアン・ペリー上級研究科学者がCBCに話した。

エルニーニョを超えるブロブてフクイチの汚染水じゃん。
トチリウム水が海面を漂ってエルニーニョ現象以上の温暖化現象を起こして魚が大量死してる。

「ブロブの大きさは直径1000マイル水深300フィート。最初に出現したのは2013年。ブロブ周辺の海水より1℃から4℃水温が高い。」
ぐは。フクイチの汚染水、トリチウム水だな。カナダの学者が気付いてないのはトリチウム水が気象変動を過激化させているとこでしょーな。

サンディエゴに数千匹のレッドツナクラブの死骸が打ち上げられる。

ブロブ/宇宙からの不明物体 (1988年)
宇宙からの不明物体ではなくフクイチの汚染水だった。 トリチウム水が起こす海の同時大量死現象。

これってトリチウム水影響のスピン映画だったのかぁ。

ベトナムの海岸250㌔に魚の死骸が打ち上げられ、 JFEが台湾の高雄市の会社を通じて5億ドル弁償した理由。

その直後バングラディシュのダッカでイタリア人とJICA職員をターゲットにした殺害テロが起きた。

フクイチの汚染水が太平洋を破壊。土人はトリチウム水の垂れ流しを止めることができない。 このままでは食糧不足になり、世界に飢餓が広がっていく。 世界がふつうに怒る前にイスラム国™を使ってテロに怒りが向かうように仕向けている。 矛先をテロに変える。まさに厄人の発想ですなぁ。

Heavy water

Effect on biological systems

To perform their tasks, enzymes rely on their finely tuned networks of hydrogen bonds, both in the active center with their substrates, and outside the active center, to stabilize their tertiary structures. As a hydrogen bond with deuterium is slightly stronger[20] than one involving ordinary hydrogen, in a highly deuterated environment, some normal reactions in cells are disrupted.

「重水素との水素結合は通常の水素との結合よりわずかに強い為、高濃度の重水環境では細胞内の通常の反応が中断する。」
あ、これが同時大量死の原因だ。

Effect on animals

Experiments in mice, rats, and dogs[30] have shown that a degree of 25% deuteration causes (sometimes irreversible) sterility, because neither gametes nor zygotes can develop. High concentrations of heavy water (90%) rapidly kill fish, tadpoles, flatworms, and Drosophila.

あー、重水でも魚はすぐに死んでしまうんだ。じゃぁトリチウム水なら?

なぜ同時に大量死するのか?遺伝子の水素結合に入り込むのならもっと時間がかかり個体が死ぬ時間はばらつくはず。通常の水素原子との結合より重水素の結合はわずかに強く、トリチウムの結合はもっと強い。 トリチウム水や重水のブロブの中にいると水素結合が強い為、細胞内の化学反応(= 代謝)が急停止して即死してたのだ。

どうりで円柱の水槽内を高速に回遊してた葛西臨界水族館のマグロが同時期に大量死するわけだ。 イルカが同時に死んで海岸に打ち上げられる理由でもある。 トリチウム水で代謝が急停止して死んでしまったのだ。

ロシアのロスラオ(RosRAO)がトリチウム除去技術を既に完成させている。 土人は太平洋のブロブを除染しなければならなくなるだろう。 テロで他国を脅したとしても結局は人類滅亡してしまう。 やるっきゃないのさ。


ML15289A313にブロブ記事登場。
「Climate Change Has The Earth In Hot Water - Forbes」元記事はフォーブスのサイトから消滅。
しかし魚が死ぬのは地球温暖化で温かい海水には酸素が少ないからとしてあるw
酸素が少ないようにも見えるでしょうな。でもそれだけでは同時大量死が起きることを説明できない。 それでもブロブの中で窒息したように見えるとすれば、トリチウム水で急に細胞の代謝が急停止するときの死因て窒息なのかも。


The global-average sea surface temperature last year was the highest on record. The warmth was particularly notable in the North Pacific Ocean, the same region experiencing a drop in pH because of acidification from dissolved CO2 – nothing to do with climate change, just increased CO2 concentrations forming carbonic acid in seawater.

「地球の平均海水温度は昨年(2014年)過去最高を記録した。 温暖化は北太平洋において特に顕著で、同地域では遊離CO2による酸化が原因でpH値の低下も観測された。 気象変動とは無関係に、海水で炭酸が生成されCO2濃度が上昇したのだ。」

【北太平洋(North Pacific Ocean)】w

ガーン。地球温暖化の原因とされるCO2はフクイチの汚染水が海水を炭酸化して増加させているw。

この人て原発推進派なんですけど。

どうりでフォーブスのサイトから記事が消えるわけですな。

But why is water so critical?
Because H2O has some amazing properties, properties that stem from H2O 's ability to form strong hydrogen bonds. The two hydrogen atoms are not symmetric (on perfectly opposite sides of the oxygen atom from each other) but both are sort of on the same side of the oxygen, skewing the positive and negative charges each to one side of the water molecule. This allows water molecules to stick to each other back-to-front and side to side, giving water a set of unique properties on planets such as Earth.
しかし、なぜ水がそんなに重要なのか?
なぜならH2Oには驚くべき性質があり、それは強い水素結合を形成するH2Oの能力に起因する特性だ。 2つの水素原子は対称ではない(完全に酸素原子の反対側に位置する)が、両方とも同じ側に位置する。 正と負の電荷をそれぞれ水分子の片側に寄せている。 これで水分子が互いに前後にくっついて、地球のような惑星では、水が一連のユニークな特性を与えます。

うーむ。この惑星の生物はH2Oの特性に最適化されている。 Hを水素、Dを重水素、Tをトリチウムとしたとき、 H2OがD2OとかDHOとかHTOとかDTOとかT2Oに変質してしまうと生きてられなくなるわけですな。 まぁ当然か。

雨の中で息苦しくなるのってトリチウム水が原因なのか?

A huge deadly warm water blob, the biggest in history, now stretches from Mexico to Canada, threatening even more marine life. Warm ocean temperatures are killing coral reefs. Ocean productivity at the base of the food chain decreases as temperatures rise. Warm waters holds less oxygen, and that’s killing fish, crabs and other marine life (Tri-City Herald). Sub-tropical fish are appearing offshore of Alaska.
史上最大の巨大な致死的な温水のブロブが今やメキシコからカナダに広がって、海洋生物の脅威になっている。 温かい海水温でサンゴ礁が死滅している。食物連鎖の基盤である海産物が水温上昇で減少している。 温かい水には酸素が少ないため、魚やカニや他の海洋生物が死んでいる(Tri-City Herald)。 亜熱帯魚がアラスカ沖に現れれた。

【温かい水には酸素が少ないため、魚やカニや他の海洋生物が死んでいる。(Warm waters holds less oxygen, and that’s killing fish, crabs and other marine life.)】←まさにこれですな。

隅田川で魚3000匹が大量死したとき、東京都が調査すると、有害物質は検出されなかったが、水中の酸素の量が水深1mのところでほとんど観測されなかった。

この「温かい水」にはいろんな意味があり、重水やトリチウム水は通常のH2Oと比べてエネルギー量が大きいため3重点温度が高いわけだけど、別の観点から考えると酸素が溶けないわけですな。これが魚がブロブで大量死する原因。

nrc.gov→ML15289A313(PDF)

forbes.com→Climate Change Has The Earth In Hot Water

19,015 viewsAug 31, 2015, 06:00am Climate Change Has The Earth In Hot Water James Conca Contributor Energy

I write about nuclear, energy and the environment This article is more than 2 years old.

It is understandable that people discussing global warming focus on air temperatures. Lower atmospheric temperatures are shown on the news and weather reports every day. We walk around in the air. We breathe it in. We talk about how hot it’s been this summer, how warm last winter was, or how this is the hottest day on record.

But global warming is all about water. Water, not the atmosphere, drives the weather, and drives climate. The atmosphere is mostly affected by the water on Earth, not the other way around. Atmospheric temperatures are volatile. Not so ocean temperatures.

The oceans absorb a thousand times more heat than the atmosphere and hold 90% of the heat of global warming.

Water temperatures change slowly, much slower than air temperatures, because there is so much more mass in a particular volume of water to heat than in a similar volume of air and that mass of water can hold so much more heat than can air.

Which is why the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency’s annual State-of-the-Climate report is so chilling.

写真
It turns out that global warming is all about water, not the atmosphere. The oceans absorb a thousand times more heat than the atmosphere and hold 90% of the heat of global warming. And the oceans are heating steadily, with some dire effects. Source: NOAA

The global-average sea surface temperature last year was the highest on record. The warmth was particularly notable in the North Pacific Ocean, the same region experiencing a drop in pH because of acidification from dissolved CO2 – nothing to do with climate change, just increased CO2 concentrations forming carbonic acid in seawater.

Global upper ocean heat content was a record high, reflecting the continued accumulation of heat in the upper layer of the oceans. NOAA climate monitoring chief Deke Arndt, co-editor of the report, said the seas last year "were just ridiculous."

Other highlights in the NOAA report concerned record air temperatures across the globe, glacial warming, permafrost heating and other findings. As I sit writing this, the smoke is preventing me from seeing down the road. Over 1,000 square miles have burned here in Washington and Oregon.

But it’s the oceans that have got us in such hot water.

Water determines our lives and our future. Water is the only reason life exists on this planet in the first place. And the effects of warming waters are devastating to what life exists on Earth today.

A huge deadly warm water blob, the biggest in history, now stretches from Mexico to Canada, threatening even more marine life. Warm ocean temperatures are killing coral reefs. Ocean productivity at the base of the food chain decreases as temperatures rise. Warm waters holds less oxygen, and that’s killing fish, crabs and other marine life (Tri-City Herald). Sub-tropical fish are appearing offshore of Alaska.

Right here in Washington State, the river temperatures are so high that fish are dying in droves. Huge sturgeons, 10-feet long, are floating belly-up in the Columbia River (Tri-City Herald). Over 500,000 salmon have died this summer here in eastern Washington alone, completely reversing the recent gains in salmon population that resulted from years of careful work.

グラフ
Upper ocean heat contents over the last 20 years, relative to the historic average, from four different globally-integrated data bases, showing a large increase since 1993. Source: NOAA State of the Climate report

Upper ocean heat contents over the last 20 years, relative to the historic average, from four different globally-integrated data bases, showing a large increase in excess heat since 1993. Source: NOAA State of the Climate report

Fish and Wildlife officials in Oregon moved over 160,000 salmon to the Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery, in the Columbia River Gorge, hoping to save them from water temperatures exceeding 70°F (Thinkprogress.org). Idaho declared a state of emergency because of massive sockeye salmon deaths.

Ritchie Graves, a fisheries biologist at NOAA, told the Associated Press that 80% of returning sockeye this year could die as a result of the high water temperatures.

This year marked some of the Pacific Northwest’s lowest snowpack levels in history, 16% of normal in Washington and only 11% of normal in Oregon, even though there has been normal rainfall. Both states declared drought emergencies because record heat has caused that water to run off quickly and has robbed so much as evaporation.

Jeff Severinghaus, at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, said if this NOAA report is Earth's annual checkup, the doctor is saying “you are gravely ill”.

But why is water so critical?

Because H2O has some amazing properties, properties that stem from H2O ‘s ability to form strong hydrogen bonds. The two hydrogen atoms are not symmetric (on perfectly opposite sides of the oxygen atom from each other) but both are sort of on the same side of the oxygen, skewing the positive and negative charges each to one side of the water molecule. This allows water molecules to stick to each other back-to-front and side to side, giving water a set of unique properties on planets such as Earth.

In fact, most of these properties were essential for life to evolve on Earth in the first place. Just think about how things would be different if any one of the following properties were different:

- H2O has three phases (solid, liquid and gaseous) that all exist somewhere on the Earth’s surface, and often together.

- H2O’s solid phase (ice) floats in its liquid phase (water).

- water has a very high thermal and electrical conductivity. It conducts heat and electricity really well and really fast, and its presence in soil, rock and air transfers these conductive properties to these materials as well.

- water has one of the highest heat capacities of any substance. It can absorb and hold an awful lot of heat.

- water has high heats of vaporization and crystallization. It takes a huge amount of heat to turn ice into water. It takes even more to turn water into steam. Likewise, it gives off that much heat going in the opposite direction.

- water has a very high surface tension, the force that forms water into droplets and makes water travel up a paper towel against gravity. The essential part of a capillary force, the surface tension pulls water into merely small pores and cracks but prevents water from moving into microscopically small pores and cracks.

- water is an extremely good solvent for most compounds. Several water molecules surround individual atoms or molecules, actually making them part of the water. Water can dissolve many materials like salt, sugar, alcohol, and most gases, but not many fats and oils (the cells in our bodies couldn’t exist without this one).

- water can act as both an acid or a base, it can give up or take on protons and electrons, allowing a huge range of chemical reactions, more than any other compound.

- water is transparent to visible, near-ultraviolet and far-infrared light, but it absorbs all other ultraviolet and infrared light as well as microwaves.

- water is essentially an incompressible fluid.

These properties of water have inextricably tied life and climate together for 4 billion years, and will continue to determine what happens to all our lives going forward.

Water is the biggest thermal sink on Earth, and we better be able to stand the heat.

Follow me on Twitter or LinkedIn. Check out my website. James Conca

I have been a scientist in the field of the earth and environmental sciences for 33 years, specializing in geologic disposal of nuclear waste, energy-related research, planetary surface processes, radiobiology and shielding for space colonies, subsurface transport and environmental clean-up of heavy metals. I am a Trustee of the Herbert M. Parker Foundation, Adjunct at WSU, an Affiliate Scientist at LANL and consult on strategic planning for the DOE, EPA/State environmental agencies, and industry including companies that own nuclear, hydro, wind farms, large solar arrays, coal and gas plants. I also consult for EPA/State environmental agencies and industry on clean-up of heavy metals from soil and water. For over 25 years I have been a member of Sierra Club, Greenpeace, the NRDC, the Environmental Defense Fund and many others, as well as professional societies including the America Nuclear Society, the American Chemical Society, the Geological Society of America and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists.

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